Acute sinusitis sufferers who are not treated properly will experience complications, namely chronic sinusitis.
When chronic sinusitis is also not handled properly, it will also occur complications include:
- If the infection spreads to the brain wall, it can cause meningitis.
- Damage to the sense of smell in whole or in part.
- Problems in vision. Vision is reduced or even blind.
- Triggering the appearance of skin or bone infection.
There are many things that can cause sinus inflammation and blockage. The most common cause of acute sinusitis is the flu, which is the result of a viral infection. However, in some cases, acute sinusitis can also be caused by a bacterial infection.
Factors which trigger sinus
While the cause of chronic sinusitis is not known clearly, but there are some things that are suspected related as a trigger chronic sinusitis, such as:
- Nasal polyp. This growing tissue can block the nasal passages.
- Keep smoking.
- Other medical conditions. Complications of medical conditions that make the body’s immune decline
- Allergies such as hay fever, asthma, and allergic rhinitis, can lead to blocked sinus tract.
- Deviation of the nasal septum. The nasal septum is the wall between the nostrils. The septum may block the sinus tract.
Other factors which increase risk of sinus
Increased Risk of Sinusitis. There are several factors that make your sinuses more susceptible to infection.
- Allergies: rhinitis (inflammation of the lining of the nose), asthma and hay fever (pollen allergy).
- Weakening of the immune system.
- Narrowing of the nasal passages: This can be due to structural abnormalities of the nasal bone since birth or septic deviation of the nose or due to external trauma resulting in facial injuries. The presence of tumors or polyps, such as, tissues that grow to form a mass in the nose will also cause narrowing of the nasal passages. If mucus or snot collects in a narrowed area, this can lead to sinus infections.
- Smoking habit.
- Cystic fibrosis or cystic fibrosis: a genetic disorder in which thick and sticky mucus accumulates and clogs channels in the body, increasing the risk of infection.